Guide to European Roulette

European roulette

Hey there, fellow casino enthusiasts! Have you ever wondered about the game that’s been spinning heads and reels for centuries, drawing players into a world of anticipation and excitement? Well, let me tell you, roulette is the name, and it’s a game that has earned its place in the hall of casino legends.


Picture this: every day, around the world, millions of people gather around roulette tables, eagerly placing their bets on where a tiny ball will ultimately land. The sound of the ball dancing on the wheel, the hushed murmurs of the crowd, and the palpable thrill in the air – that’s the magic of roulette.


But what if I told you there’s a version of this timeless game that offers even more to the savvy player? That’s right, folks, I’m talking about European roulette. In this article, we’re going to unlock the secrets behind this casino classic, a game that’s not only immensely popular but also strategically rewarding.


So, before you spin that wheel or click that virtual button, join me on a journey into the captivating world of European roulette. Together, we’ll explore its origins, dive into its unique rules, and uncover winning strategies that could tip the odds in your favor. Whether you’re a seasoned player or a newcomer to the casino scene, European roulette has something exciting in store for you. Let’s roll!

The Origins and History

In this section, we’re about to embark on a journey through the captivating history of roulette, tracing its roots back to the enchanting streets of France and unraveling how it transformed into the iconic game we cherish today.


French Beginnings: The Birth of Roulette

Our story commences in the late 18th century, amidst the flourishing culture of France. The word “roulette” itself is derived from the French term “little wheel,” which perfectly encapsulates the essence of the game. In this era of innovation and intellectual fervor, a brilliant mind named Blaise Pascal inadvertently gave birth to the roulette wheel while attempting to create a perpetual motion machine.


Although Pascal’s quest for perpetual motion proved futile, his creation set the stage for something truly remarkable. The early version of the roulette wheel featured both a single zero and a double zero, a design that would later evolve into the American roulette wheel. This ‘double zero’ wheel was an essential part of the original roulette game.


Evolution of Roulette: A European Affair

As roulette made its way across the European continent, it evolved, taking on distinct characteristics in different regions. The most significant transformation occurred in Germany when the double zero was removed from the wheel, giving rise to the European roulette wheel that we cherish today. This change was pivotal, as it lowered the house edge and made the game more appealing to players.


The 19th century saw roulette’s triumphant journey to the United States, where it underwent further modifications. The addition of the double zero on the wheel created what is now known as American roulette, characterized by slightly less favorable odds for players compared to its European counterpart.


The Classic Appeal of European Roulette

Now, you might wonder, “Why European roulette?” The answer lies in its enduring elegance and player-friendly odds. The European roulette wheel, featuring a single zero and 36 numbered pockets, offers a lower house edge compared to the American version. This makes European roulette the preferred choice for those seeking better odds of winning.


European roulette’s timeless appeal also lies in its simplicity and straightforward rules. It has managed to retain its classic charm, untarnished by excessive variations or complexities, making it an ideal choice for both seasoned players and newcomers.


As we wrap up this historical journey, it’s clear that European roulette stands as a testament to the timeless allure of this casino classic. Its origins in France, evolution across Europe, and continued popularity today make it a quintessential choice for those seeking the perfect blend of chance and strategy at the casino tables.


In our next section, we’ll delve deeper into the mechanics of the European roulette wheel and table, uncovering the nuances that make this game a true gem in the world of casino gaming.


The Roulette Wheel and Table

As someone who’s ventured into the world of online gambling and spent countless hours spinning that mesmerizing wheel, I’m here to walk you through the very core of this thrilling game.


The European Roulette Wheel: A Work of Art

Let’s start with the star of the show: the European roulette wheel. Picture it – a beautifully crafted, wooden wheel, typically colored deep red or mahogany, adorned with intricate detailing. It’s divided into 37 pockets, each with a number from 0 to 36. These numbers are strategically arranged in a seemingly random yet perfectly balanced sequence.


Now, here’s where the intrigue begins. The pockets are colored alternately in red and black, except for the single zero pocket, which is typically green. This single zero, marked as “0,” is what distinguishes European roulette from its American counterpart. And oh, what a difference it makes!


The Single Zero vs. Double Zero Wheel

You see, European roulette features only one green pocket with a zero, while American roulette adds another green pocket, marked “00,” hence the term “double zero.” This seemingly minor distinction significantly impacts your odds of winning. The presence of just one zero in European roulette translates to a lower house edge, making it a more favorable option for players looking to maximize their chances.


The double zero wheel in American roulette increases the house edge, slightly tilting the odds in favor of the casino. So, as an online gambling aficionado, if you’re seeking a more player-friendly experience, European roulette is often the go-to choice.


Navigating the Roulette Table: Where Strategy Meets Chance

Now, let’s take a look at the roulette table itself, the canvas where your betting strategies come to life. The table layout is a well-organized grid of numbers and betting options. The most common bets fall into two categories: inside bets and outside bets.


Inside bets are those placed on specific numbers or combinations of numbers within the grid. For instance, you can bet on a single number, a split between two adjacent numbers, or even a corner bet involving four numbers. These bets offer higher payouts but come with greater risk due to their specific nature.


On the flip side, we have outside bets, which cover larger groups of numbers. These include options like betting on all red or black numbers, odd or even numbers, or entire columns or dozens of numbers. Outside bets are more conservative and provide better odds of winning, though the payouts are generally smaller.


As you become more comfortable with European roulette, you’ll discover a myriad of betting strategies to suit your style – from the bold and high-risk strategies to the cautious and calculated ones. Each spin of the wheel becomes an opportunity to test your luck and skill.


So, there you have it – the exquisite European roulette wheel with its intriguing single zero, and the dynamic roulette table offering a wealth of betting possibilities. Now that you’re familiar with the stage, let’s delve deeper into the rules and gameplay in the next section, where you’ll learn how to transform your knowledge into wins at the virtual roulette table.


Rules and Gameplay

Now that you’ve acquainted yourself with the roulette wheel and table, it’s time to dive into the nitty-gritty of European roulette – the rules and gameplay. Whether you’re a seasoned player or just dipping your toes into the online gambling waters, let’s break it down step by step.


The Basics of European Roulette

European roulette is elegantly simple to grasp. Here are the fundamental rules:

  1. Placing Bets: Before each spin, you place your bets on the roulette table, choosing from a variety of betting options.
  2. The Spin: Once bets are placed, the croupier (or the virtual dealer in online roulette) spins the wheel in one direction while releasing a small ball in the opposite direction.
  3. Ball Lands: As the wheel slows down, the ball eventually comes to rest in one of the numbered pockets. This pocket determines the winning number for that round.
  4. Winning and Payouts: If your bet matches the winning number or falls within the selected range, you win! Payouts vary depending on the type of bet you placed.


Inside vs. Outside Bets: A World of Options

Now, let’s talk about the types of bets you can make in European roulette:

Inside Bets

These bets involve specific numbers or combinations of numbers within the grid on the roulette table. Here are some common inside bets:

  • Straight Bet: Betting on a single number. Payout is typically 35:1.
  • Split Bet: Betting on two adjacent numbers by placing your chip on the line between them. Payout is usually 17:1.
  • Street Bet: Betting on a row of three numbers by placing your chip at the end of the row. Payout is 11:1.
  • Corner Bet: Betting on a block of four numbers by placing your chip at the intersection of the four squares. Payout is generally 8:1.
  • Six-Line Bet: Betting on two adjacent rows, covering six numbers in total. Payout is 5:1.


Outside Bets

These bets cover larger groups of numbers and offer better odds of winning, though the payouts are typically smaller. Common outside bets include:

  • Red or Black: Betting on all red or black numbers. Payout is 1:1.
  • Odd or Even: Betting on all odd or even numbers. Payout is 1:1.
  • Low or High: Betting on numbers 1-18 (low) or 19-36 (high). Payout is 1:1.
  • Dozens: Betting on the first (1-12), second (13-24), or third (25-36) dozen numbers. Payout is 2:1.
  • Columns: Betting on one of the three columns of numbers. Payout is 2:1.


Winning Strategies: A Glimpse into Roulette Tactics

As you become more experienced with European roulette, you’ll find various betting strategies to enhance your gameplay. Here are a couple of common ones:

  • Martingale System: A popular strategy where you double your bet after each loss, aiming to recover previous losses and make a profit.
  • Fibonacci Betting: This strategy involves following the Fibonacci sequence to determine your betting amounts, making it a bit more conservative.
  • D’Alembert System: Based on a theory of equilibrium, this strategy involves increasing or decreasing your bets by a fixed amount after each win or loss.
  • The Labouchere System: It involves setting a goal and creating a betting sequence to reach that goal. It’s a more structured approach to roulette betting.


Remember, while these strategies can be fun to experiment with, there’s no foolproof way to predict where the ball will land. Roulette is ultimately a game of chance, and each spin is independent of the previous ones.


So, armed with the knowledge of the rules, types of bets, and some common strategies, you’re ready to embark on your European roulette adventure. In the next section, we’ll delve deeper into the odds and house edge, helping you make informed decisions at the virtual roulette table.


House Edge and Odds

In this section, we’re going to unravel the intriguing world of house edge and odds in European roulette, and why it’s a game that savvy players often choose over other variations.


The House Edge: European Roulette vs. the Rest

First things first, let’s talk about the house edge. This is the casino’s built-in advantage, and it’s crucial to understand how it works. In European roulette, the house edge is delightfully low, thanks to the single zero (0) pocket on the wheel. You’re looking at an approximate house edge of 2.70%, making it more favorable for players compared to its American cousin.


Now, compare that to American roulette with its double zero (00) wheel, which has a higher house edge of around 5.26%. This seemingly small difference in zeros has a big impact on your chances of winning. Choosing European roulette means you’re automatically giving yourself a better shot at success.


The Power of Odds in European Roulette

Understanding odds is your key to making informed bets and maximizing your potential returns. In European roulette, the odds are directly tied to the number of pockets on the wheel. With 37 pockets in play (numbers 0 to 36), your chances of hitting a specific number are 1 in 37.


Let’s break this down further:

  • Betting on a single number and hitting it pays out at 35:1. Your odds of this happening are 1 in 37.
  • Betting on red or black, odd or even, and other even-money bets pays out at 1:1, with odds of almost 50%. These are more conservative bets but offer better chances of winning.


What’s important to note is that while the payouts vary, the odds remain constant in European roulette, making it a fair and balanced game of chance.


“En Prison” and “La Partage”: House Edge Heroes

Now, here’s a little secret that can further tip the odds in your favor in European roulette: the “en prison” and “la partage” rules. These rules are like guardian angels for players, particularly those who bet on even-money options like red or black, odd or even.


En Prison

This rule comes into play when the ball lands on zero (0). Instead of losing your entire even-money bet, it’s placed “in prison” until the next spin. If your bet wins on the next spin, you get your original bet back, without any additional winnings. It’s like a second chance to recoup your loss.


La Partage

Similar to “en prison,” but with a slight difference. If the ball lands on zero (0), you immediately get half of your even-money bet back, while the other half goes to the house. It’s a consolation prize that cushions the blow of a zero outcome.


These rules reduce the house edge even further, making European roulette an even more attractive choice for players who prefer a little insurance against the green zero.


So, there you have it – the house edge, odds, and the delightful perks of “en prison” and “la partage.” Armed with this knowledge, you’re well on your way to making shrewd bets and potentially turning the roulette wheel in your favor. In the next section, we’ll explore some tried-and-true strategies to help you navigate the game like a seasoned pro.


Strategies and Tips

Now that you’ve got the basics down, let’s dive into the exciting world of strategies and tips that can help you make the most of your European roulette experience.


Betting Strategies: Turning the Tables

The Martingale System

This is a classic strategy that many players swear by. The concept is simple – after each loss, double your bet until you win. This way, you’ll eventually recover your losses and even make a profit equal to your original bet. It’s high-risk but can be rewarding if luck is on your side.


The Fibonacci System

If you prefer a more conservative approach, the Fibonacci system might be your go-to. It’s based on the famous Fibonacci sequence, where each bet is the sum of the previous two. If you lose, move one step forward in the sequence; if you win, move two steps back. This strategy aims for slower, steadier growth in your bankroll.


Bankroll Management: Playing Smart

Managing your bankroll is essential for a successful roulette session:

  1. Set a Budget: Determine how much you’re willing to spend and stick to it. Never chase losses by going over your budget.
  2. Choose Your Bets Wisely: Start with smaller bets, especially if you’re new to the game. As your confidence grows, you can increase your bets strategically.
  3. Keep Winnings Separate: If you’re fortunate enough to start accumulating winnings, consider setting aside a portion of your profits to ensure you leave with something even if luck turns.
  4. Know When to Walk Away: Winning or losing streaks can happen. Don’t let emotions drive your decisions. If you’ve reached your budget or achieved your goal, it’s okay to walk away and savor your success.


Responsible Gambling: The Golden Rule

Responsible gambling is the cornerstone of an enjoyable and safe casino experience:

  • Set Limits: Establish limits on your bets, losses, and time spent playing. Stick to these limits, no matter what.
  • Take Breaks: Roulette is thrilling, but it’s important to step away from the game regularly. Stretch, grab a snack, and recharge to maintain focus.
  • Avoid Chasing Losses: If you’re on a losing streak, resist the temptation to increase your bets in an attempt to recover. This can lead to even bigger losses.
  • Seek Support: If you ever feel that your gambling is becoming problematic or you need assistance, don’t hesitate to reach out to a support network or helpline.


In conclusion, roulette is a game that blends luck and strategy, and there’s no shortage of betting systems to explore. Just remember that no strategy can guarantee a win, and it’s crucial to balance your approach with responsible gambling practices. With patience, a well-managed bankroll, and a bit of luck, European roulette can provide hours of thrilling entertainment and, who knows, a few wins along the way.


Famous European Roulette Moments

It’s time to indulge in some captivating stories and legendary moments that have woven European roulette into the fabric of casino history. From epic wins to jaw-dropping losses, and even its appearances in pop culture, European roulette has had its fair share of the spotlight.


The Monte Carlo Phenomenon

Let’s kick things off with a legendary tale from the world-famous Monte Carlo Casino in Monaco. In 1873, a British man by the name of Joseph Jagger defied all odds by identifying biases in the roulette wheel. He discovered that certain numbers appeared more frequently due to imperfections in the wheel itself. Armed with this knowledge, Jagger placed his bets strategically and walked away with a staggering fortune, equivalent to millions in today’s currency. His remarkable feat left the casino scrambling to correct their wheel, forever cementing Jagger’s name in roulette history.


Charles Wells and His “Man Who Broke the Bank” Title

Another figure that graced the halls of Monte Carlo was Charles Wells, often referred to as “The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo.” In 1891, Wells embarked on an extraordinary winning streak at the roulette table, leaving the casino in a state of shock. Over the course of several days, he turned a modest initial sum into a substantial fortune. Wells’ story became legendary, and his incredible run remains a source of inspiration for roulette enthusiasts worldwide.


The Movie Magic of European Roulette

European roulette has also made its mark on the silver screen, adding an extra layer of excitement to iconic films. In the classic 1942 movie “Casablanca,” Humphrey Bogart’s character, Rick Blaine, uses a game of European roulette to help a couple of refugees secure passage out of the city. The tension and drama of the roulette wheel spin beautifully mirror the high-stakes decisions faced by the characters, making it one of the most memorable roulette moments in cinema history.


Cultural References and Modern Influences

Beyond the world of cinema, European roulette has seeped into popular culture, finding mentions in books, music, and even online gaming. It’s a symbol of chance, risk, and excitement that resonates with people across the globe. You’ll often hear references to “betting it all on red” or “taking a spin at the wheel of fortune,” all inspired by the timeless allure of roulette.


As we celebrate these moments and references, we’re reminded that European roulette isn’t just a game of numbers; it’s a captivating part of our cultural tapestry, an emblem of daring endeavors, and an enduring source of entertainment.


So, there you have it, a glimpse into some of the most famous moments in European roulette history, from the glittering casinos of Monte Carlo to the silver screen and beyond. It’s a reminder that when you sit down to play this classic game, you’re participating in a tradition that’s been enchanting players for centuries.


Online and Mobile Roulette

With the advent of online and mobile roulette, you can now experience the thrill of the wheel from the comfort of your own home, or anywhere your mobile device takes you.


Accessibility and Popularity of Online European Roulette

One of the most exciting developments in the world of roulette is the accessibility it offers. Online European roulette has exploded in popularity, and here’s why:


You can play whenever and wherever you want. No need to travel to a physical casino; the casino comes to you.



Online casinos offer a vast array of roulette variations, including European, French, American, and even live dealer games. You’re spoiled for choice!



You can adjust your betting limits to match your budget, whether you’re a high roller or a casual player.


Bonuses and Promotions

Online casinos often provide enticing bonuses and promotions to boost your bankroll, giving you more bang for your buck.


Advantages and Potential Drawbacks

Playing roulette online comes with several advantages, but it’s essential to be aware of potential drawbacks:



  • Privacy: You can enjoy your game in the comfort of your own space without the bustling casino atmosphere.
  • Speed: Online roulette games are faster-paced, allowing you to fit more spins into your gaming session.
  • Practice: Many online casinos offer free play options, allowing you to practice and hone your skills without risking real money.


Potential Drawbacks

  • Lack of Physical Experience: Some players miss the tactile and social aspects of a physical casino.
  • Internet Connection: A stable internet connection is crucial for a seamless online gaming experience.
  • Security: Ensure you play at reputable online casinos to protect your personal and financial information.


Reputable Online Casinos

If you’re ready to try your luck in the virtual world of European roulette, here are a few reputable online casinos to consider:

  • 888 Casino: Known for its wide range of roulette games and a user-friendly interface.
  • Betway Casino: Offers a fantastic selection of roulette variations, including European, French, and live dealer options.
  • LeoVegas: Renowned for its mobile gaming experience, LeoVegas provides a great platform for playing roulette on the go.
  • Casumo: Known for its gamified approach to online gaming, Casumo offers a unique roulette experience.


Remember, it’s essential to do your research and choose an online casino that suits your preferences and offers a secure gaming environment. Look for licenses and certifications to ensure fairness and security.


Additional Information About European Roulette

Certainly! If you’re eager to dive deeper into the world of European roulette, here are some recommended resources:



  1. The Physics of Roulette by Thomas Fox: Delve into the mathematical and physical aspects of roulette to gain a deeper understanding of the game.
  2. The Theory of Gambling and Statistical Logic by Richard A. Epstein: While not exclusively about roulette, this book explores the mathematics behind gambling, which can be applied to roulette strategies.
  3. Roulette Odds and Profits: The Mathematics of Complex Bets by Catalin Barboianu: A comprehensive guide that explores advanced betting strategies and mathematical concepts related to roulette.



  1. Breaking Vegas: The Roulette Assault (National Geographic Channel): This documentary explores the intriguing story of a group of gamblers who successfully beat the roulette wheel in Las Vegas using computer technology. It provides insights into the history and mechanics of roulette.
  2. Inside the Casino (BBC Four): This documentary series takes you behind the scenes of various casinos, offering a glimpse into the world of roulette and other casino games.


Please note that while these resources can enhance your knowledge and understanding of European roulette, responsible gambling should always be practiced, and it’s essential to play within your means. Enjoy your exploration of this classic casino game!